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Thermostat 2 click

Product Code: MIKROE-3415

Thermostat 2 click
Thermostat 2 click
Thermostat 2 click
Thermostat 2 click

₹1,579.00
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The Click board™ is equipped with all the necessary elements, required to provide a reliable operation: it has a varistor across the relay output contacts, preventing excessive voltage transients, it has a flyback diode for the backEMF generated within the relay coil, and a durable mechanical relay, that can withstand up to 20,000,000 mechanical cycles (no load connected). These features allow Thermostat 2 click to be used for a wide range of applications that have to be thermally controlled: various home appliances, air conditioners, cooling fans, small heaters, etc.

Voltage

DO NOT TOUCH THE BOARD WHILE HIGH VOLTAGE IS APPLIED!

Note: The Click board™ is to be used by trained personnel only while the high voltage is applied. A special care should be taken when working with hazardous voltage levels.

How does it work?

Thermostat 2 Click board™ is designed without the main IC; it allows an externally connected thermal sensor to be used, instead. It can be interfaced with the DS1820 compatible sensor which uses 1-Wire® communication. The Click board™ is equipped with a 3-pin female socket, which can be used to install the DS1820 compatible sensor in TO-92 casing, onboard. There is also a 3-pole screw terminal, that can be used if the sensor needs to be installed on a remote location, i.e. onto a heating component. The screw-terminal shares its lines with the socket.

Sensors Thermostat 2 Click

The 1-Wire® communication with the host MCU is performed over the PWM pin of the mikroBUS™. Depending on the temperature information obtained over the 1-Wire® interface, the host MCU can take the necessary action: it can either open or close contacts of the relay.

The Click board™ uses the G6D series PCB power relay, from Omron. This quality relay can withstand an amazingly large number of mechanical cycles, with no load connected. However, when there is a significant load connected at its output, micro-electric arcs cause the contacts to wear over time. With the maximum load current of 5A, it can sustain up to 70,000 cycles. Its contacts are made of silver alloy, yielding exceptional ON resistance of only 100mΩ (max).

The relay is activated by a magnetic field, generated in a built-in coil on the low-voltage side. The coil is activated by the host MCU. The voltage for the coil activation is 5V, while the current through the coil is 40mA. The MCU is not able to drive the coil directly, therefore an NPN transistor had to be added. Its base is controlled by the host MCU, allowing the coil to drain enough current from the 5V mikroBUS™ power rail. The base of the transistor is routed to the CS pin of the Click board™. The transistor packs two biasing resistors in the same casing, so it can be directly used on the MCU pin, without external biasing resistors. A red color LED, labeled as ACTIVE is used to indicate that the transistor is in an open state and that the current is running through the relay coil.

When the current through a coil (or any other inductor) is suddenly changed, the backEMF will be generated, opposing the changes of the current. This can sometimes lead to damage to the control circuit: in this case, the transistor will become inversely polarized. To prevent this from happening, a flyback diode is added across the coil. During the normal operation, this diode does not conduct any current. However, when the coil is switched OFF, the inverse polarization will cause the current to pass through this diode with minimum resistance. This prevents inverse (flyback) voltage from building up, so the transistor remains safe.

Contacts at the output may be connected to a higher voltage and larger current may run through. To prevent high voltage transients in this case, a flyback diode is not a viable option. Therefore, Thermostat 2 click uses a varistor (VDR). This component rapidly drops its resistance as the voltage rises above its rated clamping voltage. The excessive voltage transient will pass through the VDR since it will become a current path with the least resistance. During the normal operation, while the voltage stays below the rated clamping voltage, VDR has a very high resistance, so the current runs through the electrical circuit, instead.

The operating voltage of the Click board™ can be selected by the VCC SEL jumper. This jumper allows selecting either 3.3V or 5V from the mikroBUS™. The selected voltage will be applied to the VCC pin of the connected DS1820 sensor.

Specifications

Type Relay
Applications Thermostat 2 click can be used for a wide range of applications that have to be thermally controlled: various home appliances, air conditioners, cooling fans, small heaters, etc.
On-board modules G6D series PCB power relay, by Omron.
Key Features Ability to use DS1820 or compatible temperature sensor, both onboard and connected over a terminal, overvoltage and backEMF protection, LED indication…
Interface GPIO,1-Wire
Input Voltage 3.3V,5V
Compatibility mikroBUS
Click board size M (42.9 x 25.4 mm)

Pinout Diagrams

This table shows how the pinout on Thermostat 2 click corresponds to the pinout on the mikroBUS™ socket (the latter shown in the two middle columns).

Notes Pin Mikrobus logo.png Pin Notes
  NC 1 AN PWM 16 PWM 1-Wire® Data
  NC 2 RST INT 15 NC  
Relay Control CS 3 CS RX 14 NC  
  NC 4 SCK TX 13 NC  
  NC 5 MISO SCL 12 NC  
  NC 6 MOSI SDA 11 NC  
Power Supply 3.3V 7 3.3V 5V 10 5V Power Supply
        Ground GND 8 GND GND 9 GND Ground

Onboard Settings And Inndicators

Label Name Default  Description
LD1 PWR - Power LED indicator
LD2 ACTIVE - Relay status LED, lights up when the relay is CLOSED
CN1 - - External sensor connector
TB1 - - Relay output connector
TS1 - - Onboard 3-pin sensor connector
JP1 VCC SEL Left Power supply voltage selection: left position 3.3V, right position 5V

Software Support

We provide a library for the Thermostat 2 click on our LibStock page, as well as a demo application (example), developed using MikroElektronika compilers. The demo can run on all the main MikroElektronika development boards.

Library Description

The library contains the One Wire functions for full communication from MCU to one of the DS18k20 sensors. The user also has a relay management function available.

Key functions:

  • void thermostat2_relay(uint8_t state) - Relay control
  • void thermostat2_oneWireReset() - One Wire Reset
  • void thermostat2_oneWireWrite(uint8_t dataIn) - One Wire Write
  • uint8_t thermostat2_oneWireRead() - One Wire Read

Examples description

The application is composed of the three sections :

  • System Initialization - Sets CS pin as OUTPUT for control of the relay
  • Application Initialization - Initialization driver init and sets relay state on OFF
  • Application Task - Waits for valid user input and executes functions based on set of valid commands

Commands : '+' - Relay ON '-' - Relay OFF 't' - Reads and display Temperature

void applicationTask()
{
    float Temperature;
    char demoText[50];
    
    uint8_t dataReady_;
    char receivedData_;

    dataReady_ = UART_Rdy_Ptr( );

    if (dataReady_ != 0)
    {
        receivedData_ = UART_Rd_Ptr( );

        switch (receivedData_)
        {
            case '+' :
            {
                mikrobus_logWrite(" Relay ON!!! ", _LOG_LINE);
                thermostat2_relay(_THERMOSTAT2_RELAY_STATE_ON);
                break;
            }
            case '-' :
            {
                mikrobus_logWrite(" Relay OFF!!! ", _LOG_LINE);
                thermostat2_relay(_THERMOSTAT2_RELAY_STATE_OFF);
                break;
            }
            case 't' :
            {
                Temperature = thermostat2_getTemperature();
                FloatToStr(Temperature, demoText);
                mikrobus_logWrite("Temperature : ", _LOG_TEXT);
                mikrobus_logWrite(demoText, _LOG_TEXT);
                mikrobus_logWrite(" C ", _LOG_LINE);
                break;
            }
        }
    }
}

Additional Functions :

  • void thermostat2_getTemperature( ) - Reads Temperature (DS18S20)

The full application code, and ready to use projects can be found on our LibStock page.

Other mikroE Libraries used in the example:

  • One_Wire
  • UART
  • Conversions

Additional notes and informations

Depending on the development board you are using, you may need USB UART clickUSB UART 2 click or RS232 click to connect to your PC, for development systems with no UART to USB interface available on the board. The terminal available in all MikroElektronika compilers, or any other terminal application of your choice, can be used to read the message.

MIKROSDK

This click board is supported with mikroSDK - MikroElektronika Software Development Kit. To ensure proper operation of mikroSDK compliant click board demo applications, mikroSDK should be downloaded from the LibStock and installed for the compiler you are using.

For more information about mikroSDK, visit the official page.

Downloads

 mikroBUS™ Standard specification 

 LibStock: mikroSDK           

 Click board catalog

 Thermostat 2 Click Libstock 

 Thermostat 2 click 2D and 3D files

 Thermostat 2 click schematic

 G6D Datasheet

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