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Water Detect click

Product Code: MIKROE-2786

Water Detect click
Water Detect click
Water Detect click
Water Detect click
Water Detect click

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Water Detect click is used for detecting water and other electroconductive liquids. If the detection area is wet the output of Microchip's MCP606 CMOS op-amp will go positive, signaling the presence of liquid.

Water Detect click can be used as a household flood alarm sensor, rain detector for smart buildings or for water tanks that act as a limit switch for a pump.

You could use it on one of our clicker 2 development boards, with GSM 4 click, or any other from the wireless range, and create a home flood alarm. Any time Water Detect click detects water it will send you an SMS.

How the click works

Water Detect click works by comparing the voltage of two resistor dividers using the MCP606 comparator. The resistor divider (made of R2 and R3) is used as a voltage reference.

 

The MCP606 functions as a comparator on this click board™.

The second divider is made of resistor R1 and the sensory area. When the sensory area is dry, it's resistance is near infinite, and the voltage applied to the inverting terminal of the comparator equals VCC.

Since the voltage of the reference divider connected to the non-inverting input is VCC/2, the output of the comparator is at zero voltage. Once the liquid is present at the sensory area, it's resistance drops and pulls the voltage on the inverting input of the comparator toward zero volts. Once this voltage falls below VCC/2, the comparator output swings toward VCC signaling the presence of liquid. The comparator output is tied to the INT pin on the mikroBUS™ header.

The water detection area is actually made of exposed conducting wires - simple but effective technology. 

Specifications

Type Various
Applications Household flood alarm sensor, rain detector for smart buildings or water tank fill sensor, automated watering systems, etc.
On-board modules Water detection area, MCP606 comparator
Interface GPIO
Input Voltage 3.3V or 5V
Click board size L (57.15 x 25.4 mm)

Pinout diagram

This table shows how the pinout on Water Detect click corresponds to the pinout on the mikroBUS™ socket (the latter shown in the two middle columns).

Notes Pin Mikrobus logo.png Pin Notes
  NC 1 AN PWM 16 NC  
  NC 2 RST INT 15 INT MCP606 output (water detect)
  NC 3 CS TX 14 NC  
  NC 4 SCK RX 13 NC  
  NC 5 MISO SCL 12 NC  
  NC 6 MOSI SDA 11 NC  
Power supply +3.3V 7 3.3V 5V 10 +5V Power supply
Ground GND 8 GND GND 9 GND Ground

Jumpers and settings

Designator Name Default Position Default Option Description
VCC SEL VCC SEL Left 3.3V Power Supply Voltage Selection between 3.3V/5V, left position 3.3V, right position 5V

Software Support

We provide a library that reads the status of the click output (INT pin) when water is detected, as well as an example application that, when this happens, sends the message “Water detected!” on the microcontroller UART. The library and the example run on all the MikroElektronika compilers and main development boards; you can download both on LibStock.

Note: depending on the development board you are using, you may need the RS232 click or USB-UART click, to connect to your PC. The terminal available in all Mikroelektronika compilers, or any other of your choice, can be used to read the message.

Library Description

The library implements GPIO HAL and one function which checks the state of the INT pin.

Key functions:

  • uint8_t WDETECT_getStatus() - Returns water detection status

Demo application description

The demo application is composed of three sections :

  • System Initialization - Initializes GPIO and UART used for logging
  • Application Initialization - Initializes Library GPIO HAL
  • Application Task - (code snippet) Constantly polling INT pin using WDETECT_getStatus() if water is detected it sends a message to UART. It uses the getINT()  function which returns the state of INT pin.
void applicationTask()
{
    if (WDETECT_getStatus())
    {
        UART1_Write_text("Water Detected!");
        UART1_Write(13);
        UART1_Write(10);
    }    
}

Other MikroElektronika Libraries used in this demo application:

  • UART

The full application code and libraries are available for download on our LibStock page.

Downloads

 mikroBUS™ Standard specification 

 Water Detect click schematic

 MCP606 datasheet

 Libstock: Water Detect click library 

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